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COP 15 (UN Biodiversity Conference)

The world’s nations have reached a historic agreement to protect the world’s biodiversity. The Kunming-Montreal Global biodiversity framework negotiated at COP15 during December has resulted in countries agreeing to protecting 30% of land and water by 2030.

The main points include:

  • Maintaining, enhancing and restoring ecosystems, including halting species extinction and maintaining genetic diversity
  • “Sustainable use” of biodiversity – essentially ensuring that species and habitats can provide the services they provide for humanity, such as food and clean water
  • Ensuring that the benefits of resources from nature, like medicines that come from plants, are shared fairly and equally and that indigenous peoples’ rights are protected
  • Paying for and putting resources into biodiversity: Ensuring that money and conservation efforts get to where they are needed.

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Image: Getty Images